What is obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)?
Obsessive-compulsive disorder, or OCD, is a mental health condition characterized by intrusive thoughts and repetitive behaviors. Someone with OCD may have difficulties controlling their obsessions and compulsions, which may cause distress and interfere with daily life. Although the exact causes of OCD are unknown, researchers believe that an imbalance in certain chemicals in the brain may contribute to the development of this condition. There are also a number of treatments available for people with OCD, including psychotherapy and medication.
Although OCD can have a significant impact on daily life, it does not necessarily have to be a lifelong struggle. With treatment and support from family, friends, and loved ones, people with OCD may be able to manage their condition, reduce symptoms, and lead fulfilling lives. If you are concerned that you or someone you know may be experiencing symptoms of OCD, it is important to seek help from a medical professional as soon as possible.
Get the Best help for OCD
Signs and Symptoms
People with OCD often exhibit symptoms such as frequent hand washing, repeating certain behaviors, or excessive hoarding and collecting. Common signs of the obsessive-compulsive disorder include:
- Excessive worry or anxiety about everyday occurrences, such as getting dirty or forgetting to turn off appliances.
- Having frequent intrusive thoughts, such as fears of being responsible for causing harm to others or oneself.
- Performing rituals over and over again, such as counting objects or washing hands repeatedly.
- Avoiding certain objects or situations that can trigger obsessive-compulsive behavior, such as germs or dirt.
- Obsessing over details and believing that perfection is necessary in order to avoid negative consequences.
Types of OCD
Thoughts that one is sexually attracted to a child.
Intrusive thoughts accompanied by mental rituals.
Treatment of OCD
There are a number of different types of treatment that can be used to help manage the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), including therapy and medication. Some people find that they need to try several different treatments before they find one that works well for them.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)
A type of therapy that focuses on changing negative or unhelpful thinking and behavioral patterns to reduce symptoms of the compulsive disorder.
Exposure & response prevention (ERP)
Can help you overcome fears by gradually exposing you to what frightens you & stopping you from performing compulsive behaviors in response.
Medications such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), or cognitive-enhancing medications that can help improve your concentration and focus.
This type of therapy works by helping people identify and change behaviors that lead to obsessive thoughts and compulsive actions. Can be conducted individually or in a group.