Different Types of OCD and Their Symptoms

Different Types of OCD and Their Symptoms

Do you know what OCD stands for? It stands for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. There are different types of OCD, and each one has its own set of symptoms. In this blog post, we will discuss the different types of OCD and their symptoms. If you think that you may have OCD, it is important to seek help from a professional. There is no shame in seeking help for mental health issues!

What Is OCD?

What Is OCD?Obsessive-compulsive disorder, commonly known as OCD, is a mental health disorder characterized by intrusive and persistent thoughts (obsessions) and repetitive behaviors (compulsions). People with OCD may find themselves stuck in patterns of behavior that interfere with daily activities and cause anxiety and distress.

This is a complex disorder, and different types of OCD can manifest in unique ways. So, you should be aware of the types of OCD and their symptoms to recognize them in yourself or someone you love.

Different Types Of OCD

There are many different types of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). It is estimated that around 1.2% of the US population suffers from OCD, meaning that it affects millions each year. OCD is simply characterized by obsessions and compulsions that cause significant distress. But the ways in which these obsessions and compulsions manifest can vary widely from person to person.

Here are 5 common types of OCD that you should know:

Contamination OCD

It is one of the most common and very distressing forms of OCD. People with contamination OCD have an intense fear of germs and dirt. They often experience intrusive thoughts about coming into contact with something that is contaminated or dirty, such as a public restroom or dirty floor.

This can lead to compulsions such as excessive washing and cleaning, avoiding certain places and people, or constantly checking surfaces for dirt. It is a type of OCD that can take over someone’s life if it is not treated.

Harm OCD

This type of OCD involves intrusive thoughts, images, or urges associated with violence, harming oneself or others. People with harm OCD often become fixated on the thought that they may do something terrible and are unable to move past it. For example, they may worry that they will randomly start attacking people in public or that they will harm their loved ones.

Harm OCD can also lead to irrational compulsions, such as avoiding sharp objects and other potential items that could be used for violence. These individuals may also experience intense guilt and shame, difficulty sleeping, and other mental health issues.

Hoarding OCD

It is a type of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder which is characterized by an excessive need to collect and maintain items even if they are of little worth. In this condition, an individual may feel compelled to keep items like newspapers, magazines, cardboard boxes, and unused clothing. For example, the individual may feel the urge to save every piece of paper that they have ever seen.

Moreover, hoarders often have difficulty discarding any items as they fear that a mistake may be made. And something important or precious may be thrown away. This might be accompanied by an intense fear of losing control or making a wrong decision.

Symmetry/ordering OCD

Symmetry and order type of OCD is characterized by an obsession with symmetry and order. People may obsess over lining up objects in a certain way, making sure their possessions are organized neatly, or rearranging items to feel more “right.” They may also become fixated on certain numbers and how things are grouped or arranged.

People with this type of OCD may also experience the need to constantly audit their possessions, often leading to feelings of distress if they are not able to maintain their order and symmetry.

Scrupulosity OCD

Scrupulosity OCDFinally, there is another type of OCD called Scrupulosity. This occurs when someone has an intense fear of offending God or committing a sin against their religion or moral code. It might involve worrying about the consequences of their actions in an extreme way, or feeling guilty for imagined wrongdoings.

Scrupulosity OCD might be confused with obsessive religious practices and rituals. But it’s important to note that people with this condition feel powerless over their thoughts and aren’t able to quell their anxiety and fear.

All in all, these are some basic types of OCD and under these categories, there is a wide range of symptoms that can be experienced. The most important thing that you should remember is that all types of OCD are treatable. And with the right help and support, you can manage your symptoms and live a healthy life.

Common Symptoms

As there are many different types of OCD, the symptoms associated with them may vary. However, there are some common signs and symptoms that are seen in most people who suffer from OCD. These include:

  • Intrusive Thoughts: People with OCD often struggle with persistent and unwanted intrusive thoughts about things like germs or fear of being harmed by others.
  • Compulsions or Rituals: People with different types of OCD may feel compelled to perform certain rituals, such as washing their hands or counting in a specific order, to help manage their intrusive thoughts.
  • Anxiety: Often people who suffer from OCD experience intense anxiety when confronted with situations that trigger their obsessions or compulsions.
  • Fear: It is common for people with OCD to feel a heightened level of fear in situations that might normally not be considered dangerous.
  • Guilt and Shame: People with types of OCD often feel guilty and ashamed of their intrusive thoughts or behaviors. For example, in hoarding OCD, someone might feel guilty for not being able to discard items.

Overall, it is important to recognize the various types of OCD and their associated symptoms. If you think that you or someone you know may be suffering from any type of OCD, it is important to seek help from a mental health professional. People with OCD can learn to manage their symptoms and live more fulfilling lives with the right treatment.

Tips For Coping With Different Types Of OCD

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a mental health disorder characterized by intrusive thoughts and compulsive behaviors. It affects about 2.2 million adults in the United States, with symptoms ranging from mild to severe.

Unfortunately, many people with OCD struggle to cope with their condition due to a lack of knowledge of the various types of OCD and awareness. But here are some of the coping tips to help manage the different types of OCD.

Identify your triggers

Generally, OCD is characterized by repetitive, intrusive thoughts and compulsive behaviors. It can be triggered by certain circumstances or feelings. Identifying your triggers will help you manage your OCD symptoms more effectively.

Accept uncertainty

Some types of OCD involve a fear of the unknown, such as fear of contamination or severe doubt about the safety of loved ones. In order to cope with these types of OCD, it is important to accept the uncertainty in life. For example, instead of worrying excessively about the safety of a loved one, accept that you cannot control everything and trust that they will be safe.

Engage in positive self-talk

Negative self-talk can only make symptoms worse. It is important to practice positive self-talk and remind yourself that your OCD thoughts are not real or valid. For example, you can tell yourself “I can do this” or “This feeling will pass”.

Develop healthy coping strategies

Healthy coping strategies can help you manage your OCD symptoms. Some of these include deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, and mindfulness meditation. These activities can help reduce stress and anxiety levels and make it easier to practice accepted uncertainty.

Seek professional help

Seek professional helpFinally, if you are struggling to cope with OCD, it is important to seek professional help. A therapist or psychologist can provide guidance and support in dealing with the different types of OCD. As well as other mental health issues that may be present. There are various treatment options available, including cognitive-behavioral therapy, medication, and exposure and response prevention.

Eventually, it is important to remember that everyone’s experience with OCD is unique and there is no one-size-fits-all approach. Finding the right coping strategies for your particular type of OCD can be a challenge, but it is possible to manage it and experience a better quality of life. With the right support, you can learn to live with and accept your OCD.


In a nutshell, the types of OCD are numerous and varied. Some common are contamination, harm, hoarding, symmetry and ordering OCD, and scrupulosity (religious). Each type has its own distinct set of symptoms that can range from mild to severe in nature and may require professional treatment to help manage them.

It is important for those who suffer from OCD to seek professional help. With the right treatment plan and support, it is possible to manage symptoms and live a full and satisfying life. While it can be intimidating to discuss these topics, talking to your healthcare provider or a trusted mental health professional may be the best way forward.

For more information and guidance, please contact OCDMantra. OCD is a mental health disorder characterized by obsessions and compulsions. If you have any queries regarding OCD treatment, ERP therapy experienced therapists at OCDMantra can help: Book a trial OCD therapy session